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Jul 2023

What you should know about blood sugar spikes?

Posted By Suborna Fermi Posted on Jul 29, 2023

People who have type 1 or type 2 diabetes should manage their blood sugar levels in order to prevent sugar spikes. Uncontrolled blood sugar level may lead to several diabetes complications including kidney damage, heart disease, stroke and nerve damage. Having sugar spikes may cause headaches, blurry visions, and extreme thirst.

According to the doctors, you can prevent all the diabetes complications through managing your blood sugar levels by taking medicines and changing your lifestyle. We have discussed all the important matters regarding blood sugar spikes, below.

What are the symptoms of blood sugar spikes?

People who have diabetes, either their body cannot produce enough insulin or their body cells have built a resistance to that hormone. Therefore, the body fails to make use of the glucose and it remains in the blood which results in constant high blood sugar levels, this condition is called hyperglycemia.

Hyperglycemia does not cause many symptoms until glucose reaches to the extreme level. Some common symptoms of hyperglycemia are:

  • Headache
  • Blurry vision
  • Extreme thirst
  • Frequent urination

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients can experience hyperglycemia. However, the symptoms in type 1 diabetes patients arise more suddenly, and with type 2 diabetes the symptoms take time to develop.

Ketones are a type of protein that develops in the blood when the insulin level is low. With type 1 diabetes, if the blood sugar level keeps increasing then the ketones will pile up in the blood and urine. High levels of ketones in the blood can be very severe, and may cause symptoms including:

  • Weakness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dry mouth
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fruity smelling breath
  • Confusion

If you experience the above-mentioned symptoms, then please consult with your doctor.

Here are 5 common triggers of blood sugar spikes

People with every type of diabetes have to manage their blood sugar level and should be careful about the triggers of blood sugar spikes. Multiple factors can trigger the blood spikes, such as:

  • Diet: A diet high in carbohydrates can cause sugar spikes more than other food types.
  • Physical activity: Low physical activity can cause blood sugar spikes. On the other hand, excessive workout puts stress on the body, which can also cause blood sugar spikes. This is why people with diabetes need to do regular and moderate intensity exercises to avoid blood sugar spikes. However, if you want to do high intensity workouts then you can do High Intensity Interval Training, popularly known as HIIT.
  • Stress: When our body is in stress, it releases hormones that increase glucose level and decrease the performance of insulin. This will result in high blood sugar levels. If you have diabetes then you can manage your stress level by doing yoga or meditation.
  • Sleep problems: A routine sleep pattern is not only important for diabetic people, it is a factor for everyone. Disturbed sleep patterns can affect your mood, energy levels, and performances. However, if you have diabetes then try to stick with a regular sleeping pattern and focus on getting a quality sleep to avoid blood sugar spikes.
  • Smoking: Many studies have confirmed that smoking cigarettes can alter blood sugar levels. Diabetic people who smoke, need to take high dosage of insulin to keep blood sugar level normal.

People living with diabetes usually experience blood sugar spikes right after having a meal. However, one can definitely prevent the blood sugar spikes by just avoiding the common triggers and certain lifestyle habits.