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Sep 2020

Thyroid disease in pregnancy: What to know

Posted By Suborna Fermi Posted on Sep 01, 2020

It has always been a known fact that the necessity of thyroid hormones is undeniable in fetal development. However, monitoring the thyroid levels is hugely necessary during pregnancy as both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism may cause several kinds of physical issues in pregnant women. As a matter of fact, both of the above mentioned thyroid disorders are very common during pregnancy and it must be treated in a proper manner with complete care. Undoubtedly, there lies the importance of a thyroid function test.

Knowingly, Thyroid is known as a gland located at the front section of the neck that plays some of the most important roles in our body. The organ regulates the metabolism of our body including the nervous system and heart. This can easily be considered as the major reason why even the silliest complexion in the thyroid gland may cause several kinds of serious problems during pregnancy. A thyroid test helps to detect any occurring issue in the thyroid gland.

Untreated thyroid diseases during pregnancy may cause preeclampsia or premature birth. In so many cases, untreated thyroid diseases during pregnancy is also well-known for causing miscarriage and low-birth weight. However, it will be easier for everybody to stay alert of the thyroid diseases during pregnancy by knowing all the symptoms of it. Some of the major symptoms and causes of thyroid diseases during pregnancy are mentioned below for you.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism during pregnancy

  • Trouble in sleeping
  • Irregular heart beats
  • Extreme vomiting or nausea
  • Increased nervousness
  • A slight amount of tremor
  • A little amount of weight loss or weight gain.

Causes of Thyroid diseases during pregnancy

  • Hypothyroidism: The autoimmune disorder named Hasimoto’s Thyroiditis is known as the major reason for hypothyroidism during pregnancy. In such conditions, our body attacks the cells of the thyroid gland.
  • Hyperthyroidism: The autoimmune disorder named Grave’s disease is considered as the prime reason for hyperthyroidism during pregnancy. In this situation, the body produces an antibody that makes the thyroid gland overreact.

However, there remains no need of getting worried about all these as treatments are available all over the world to treat such disorders. Hypothyroidism is treated with a synthetic hormone named levothyroxine. On the other hand, Propyltheouracil is used to treat hyperthyroidism. You may get in touch with a medical expert to fetch more necessary information in this regard.