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Apr 2024

Thalassemia : Causes, symptoms and treatment

Posted By Suborna Fermi Posted on Apr 26, 2024

Thalassemia is known as an inherited blood disorder, which causes the limitation of hemoglobin and red blood cell production. If someone has the seed of this disease in the body, that individual will have fewer red blood cells, which is lower than the normal amount. As we all know, red blood cells carry oxygen in different parts of the body with the help of hemoglobin. Quite naturally, people will low levels of red blood cells in the body will face fatigue most of the time. Someone facing the mild form of thalassemia may not need any treatment but any individual facing the severe form of this blood disorder may require serious medical attention.

Causes of Thalassemia

Thalassemia is known as a genetic blood disorder. This means you may have had it since your birth, and the genes from your parents have carried it to you. Your chances of getting the seed of this disorder in your body are higher if both of your parents are or have ever been thalassemia patients.

Hemoglobin houses four protein chains. To be more specific, it consists of two beta globin chains and two alpha globin chains. Each of these chains carries genetic information from your parents to you. You may get Thalassemia in case any of these genes are missing or defective.

Symptoms of Thalassemia

Thalassemia can be both symptomatic and asymptomatic. Some of the most mentionable symptoms of Thalassemia may include

  • Fatigue
  • Facial bone deformities
  • Weakness
  • Dark urine
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Yellowish or pale skin
  • Delayed puberty
  • Poor appetite

These symptoms may not start occurring at birth always, sometimes, it may take a few years for these symptoms to get visible. It is always recommended to get in touch with a medical expert as soon as possible once these symptoms start showing up.

Treatment for Thalassemia

There are certain treatment options for Thalassemia, such as

1. Blood transfusion: This treatment involves the process of receiving injections of red blood cells. It helps to maintain a healthy level of red blood cells in the body.

2. Folic acid supplements: Folic acid supplements can help to boost your body’s red blood cell production.

3. Stem cell and bone marrow transplant: In this process, bone marrow stem cells are injected into the bloodstream of the Thalassemia affected person. The transplanted cells usually start producing new red blood cells that are healthier within one month.

4. Iron chelation: Iron chelation is the process of removing excess amounts of iron from the body.

5. Luspatercept: Thalassemia patients are also given an injection called luspatercept that makes their body produce more red blood cells.

Thalassemia can not be prevented. However, the above-mentioned medical procedures may help you manage this condition. You may consult a reliable medical expert to fetch more necessary information.