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Feb 2024

Sexually Transmitted Diseases : what you need to know

Posted By Suborna Fermi Posted on Feb 23, 2024

Sexually transmitted diseases can be extremely dangerous or even fatal. Although a large number of people still don’t know much about it, sexually transmitted infections and sexually transmitted diseases are not the same. Firstly, a sexually transmitted infection takes place that may or may not turn into a sexually transmitted disease. On the other hand, an individual having a sexually transmitted disease indicates that the person has been suffering from any sexually transmitted infection.

There are so many kinds of sexually transmitted diseases that may take place at any point of time. As mentioned earlier, most of the sexually transmitted diseases have the potential to turn incurable or even fatal after reaching the ultimate stage. Hence, getting the presence of sexually transmitted diseases at the initial stages is extremely important. Also, an individual should certainly have enough knowledge about the primary symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases because it may help to assume the presence of any sexually transmitted disease in the body.

It is truly a concerning matter that there are so many sexually transmitted diseases that may not generate any symptoms at the initial stages. This is why sometimes it gets really difficult to assume the presence of these diseases in the body.

Sexually transmitted diseases may take place in your body at any point of time. Whenever you get into direct sexual contact with another person who is carrying the seed of any sexually transmitted disease, the virus gets transmitted into your body. Just because these types of diseases do not always generate any symptoms at the earlier stages, you will seem completely fit and healthy even if you are hiddenly carrying any such disease in your body. However, certain sexually transmitted infections may show some symptoms that you must know about.

Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases

When firstly any sexually transmitted infection takes place, an individual may face symptoms like,

  • Swollen or painful testicles.
  • Rashes, sores or bumps on the penis, anus, vagina, testicles, thighs, buttocks or mouth.
  • Discomfort or serious pain during urination or physical intercourse
  • Unexplained bleeding or discharge from the penis or vagina
  • Itchiness around or in the vagina
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • Unexpected periods

Soon after the sexually transmitted infection turns into a harmful sexually transmitted disease, the severity of the above-mentioned symptoms may increase, and some other quite different symptoms may start occurring. Some of those symptoms may include

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Recurring pain
  • Lumps or swellings
  • Memory loss
  • Changes in hearing or vision
  • Weight loss
  • Nausea

Types of sexually transmitted diseases

1. Pelvic inflammatory disease: Chlamydia, Gonnorhea and trichomoniasis are the names of some sexually transmitted infections that may turn into the sexually transmitted disease named pelvic inflammatory disease. As a matter of fact, pelvic inflammatory disease can be treated if it can be detected at the initial stages. This female reproductive organ infection may also be caused by bacteria. Some of the most mentionable symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease may include

  • Irregular or painful vaginal bleeding
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Pain while urinating or during the moment of penetrative vaginal sex
  • High temperature
  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Nausea

2. AIDS: Aids is one of the most mentionable sexually transmitted diseases that is incurable. HIV can cause critical damage to the natural immune system of the human body and also enhance the risks of developing certain kinds of cancer. If the HIV virus is left untreated for so long then it may lead to the deadly disease named AIDS, which can leave an individual vulnerable to many serious sicknesses and infections. Some of the most common symptoms of AIDS may include

  • Sores
  • Constant weight loss
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Neurologic disorders
  • Infections
  • Cancers

3. Genital warts: it is caused by some low-risk strains of HPV. It causes white or skin-colored bumps on the anus or genitals. These may go away automatically or come back. Although this is not as serious as the other sexually transmitted diseases, it is incurable. Medical experts may recommend treating them by applying certain kinds of chemical liquids or creams.

4. Cancer: Almost every kind of cervical cancer is caused by HPV. Besides, HPV is also known for being the reason for a large percentage of vaginal cancers, anal cancers, and penile cancers. However, cancer can be treated using chemotherapy or radiation therapy if it can be detected at the earlier stages.

5. Tertiary syphilis: This uncommon sexually transmitted infection is actually the initial stage of syphilis. Sometimes, penicillin injections may be used for treating tertiary syphilis and eliminating the bacteria. However, it can not cure the damage that has already been caused by syphilis. This is the reason why it is necessary to get the presence of tertiary syphilis detected in the body at the earlier stages to avoid the chances of bigger damage. This sexually transmitted infection may cause

  • Memory loss
  • Heart disease
  • Loss of vision
  • Mental health issues
  • Loss of hearing
  • Brain infections
  • Spinal cord infections

What is the cause of sexually transmitted diseases?

Specifically, every sexually transmitted disease is caused by any pre-existing sexually transmitted infection. Some sexually transmitted infections don’t even turn into sexually transmitted diseases if treated at the earlier stages. Sometimes, they may even go away automatically. An STI has the potential to turn into an STD only if the pathogens that are the reasons behind the infection start causing damage to the body cells and disrupt their functions. As mentioned before, an individual may get sexually transmitted infections in the body by coming in direct sexual contact with a person who is carrying any STI in the body. Also, it is also possible to get infected because of the exchange of bodily fluids or even skin contact.

How can you avoid your chances of getting infected?

  1. Firstly, get STI tests as per the recommendations of medical experts and also bring your partner for the test.
  2. Say no to risky sexual behaviors.
  3. Make sure that you and your partner both know well about each other’s sexual history.
  4. Get necessary protections before getting involved in sexual activities.
  5. Avoid having multiple bed partners.
  6. Both you and your partner must get vaccinated against Hepatitis B and HPV.

However, you don’t need to worry much as currently there are treatment options available for sexually transmitted infections as well as sexually transmitted diseases that can help to cure or at least manage the severity of the condition. Knowingly, surgery, laser treatments, and antibiotics are often used to treat sexually transmitted diseases. However, you can be recommended to stay away from sexual activities as long as you are under treatment. A test is extremely important because sexually transmitted diseases like syphilis may get transferred to the unborn baby from the mother, which may be the reason for stillbirth or miscarriage.

It’s mostly impossible to identify a sexually transmitted disease only based on the symptoms that have started showing up. This is why certain tests are recommended to be performed. If the medical experts suspect the presence of any sexually transmitted disease in your body, then they may recommend tests like

  • Swab test
  • Bodily fluid test
  • Physical examinations
  • Blood tests
  • Colposcopy
  • Keyhole surgery

It is easier these days to find a reliable diagnostic lab that provides STD test facilities. Currently, a large number of advanced IT-enabled pathology laboratories have started providing these test facilities for a very affordable price. You may consult them and go for the test along with your partner to stay away from the chances of facing dangerous sexually transmitted diseases.