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May 2024

Piles : Causes, symptoms and treatment

Posted By Suborna Fermi Posted on May 03, 2024

The swollen veins in the rectum and lower anus cause piles. Piles can develop inside the rectum or under the skin of the anus. Piles can be extremely painful and piles may also cause rectal bleeding. No individual should leave this disease untreated and seek necessary medical attention as soon as possible soon after they are diagnosed with this disease. Fortunately, there are certain treatment options available for piles.

Who are at a higher risk of experiencing piles?

  • People who are suffering from obesity
  • Anybody who eats a low-fiber diet
  • Pregnant women
  • People who spend so much time sitting on the toilet seat
  • People who lift weighty objects on a regular basis
  • People who are suffering from diarrhea
  • People who are suffering from chronic constipation

What are the symptoms of piles?

The type of symptoms that occur because of piles totally depends on the category of piles that have taken place. Knowingly, external piles, internal piles and thrombosed piles. Some major symptoms of each kind of piles are mentioned below.

Symptoms of external piles

  • Irritation or itching in the anal part
  • Bleeding
  • Discomfort and pain
  • Swelling

Symptoms of internal piles

  • Painless bleeding during the time of bowel movement
  • Discomfort or irritation while passing stool

Symptoms of thrombosed piles

  • Swelling
  • Severe pain
  • A discolored or hard lump near your anus
  • Inflammation

What are the causes of piles?

Straining may cause pressure on the veins of your rectum or anus, which may end up causing piles or hemorrhoids. Some basic causes of piles may include

  • Hard and powerful push for bowel movements if an individual is suffering from constipation.
  • Pelvic pressure because of weight gain, mostly during the time of pregnancy.
  • Weightlifting
  • Chronic diarrhea

What are the treatment options available for piles?

Digital rectum exams and anoscopy can help you get the presence of piles detected in your body. As mentioned before, you must seek treatment options soon after this disease is detected in your body. Otherwise, the presence of piles in your body may also cause infection, anemia, skin tags as well as blood clots.

The most effective treatment options for piles include,

  • Rubber-Band ligation: In this process, a rubber band is placed around the base of piles, which entirely stops the blood supply to the veins.
  • Infrared coagulation: In this process, a small probe is inserted into an individual’s rectum for the purpose of transmitting heat, which may help to cure.
  • Electrocoagulation: In this process, electrical current is used for the purpose of stopping the blood flow to the hemorrhoid.
  • Sclerotherapy: in this process, a certain kind of chemical is injected into the swollen vein of the individual suffering from piles, which terminates the hemorrhoid tissues.

Surgeries can also be required in some cases to treat piles. Some surgical options for piles that are widely available now are

  • Hemorrhoid stapling: In this surgical process, a stapling instrument is used for the purpose of removing internal hemorrhoid. It is also used for pulling a prolapsed hemorrhoid back inside of an individual’s anus.
  • Hemorrhoidectomy: This is a surgical process. The external or prolapsed internal hemorrhoid is removed through the help of this surgery.

You must get in touch with a reliable medical expert soon after the primary symptoms of piles start getting visible in your body. Always remember, piles can be extremely harmful if left untreated for so long. You may consult a doctor today to know more in this regard.