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Mar 2022

Must know information of you thyroid

Posted By Suborna Fermi Posted on Mar 06, 2022

Your butterfly-shaped thyroid gland is located in the lower portion of your throat, just below the Adam’s apple and in the front of the windpipe. The thyroid gland has two lobes, which are connected with the isthmus. Typically, one locates a normal thyroid gland with the fingers, but with gentle finger pressure you might feel the gland.

What is the function of the thyroid gland?

A healthy thyroid gland secrease multiple thyroid hormones. The TSH hormones secreted from the pituitary gland, and commands the thyroid gland to how much the gland needs to produce thyroid hormones. Thyroid gland produces triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroxine (T3). These hormones help to control your weight, temperature, muscle growth, aids in development of the heart and brain.

Thyroid diseases:

The increasing and decreasing of these thyroid hormones can cause many critical thyroid diseases. Some known thyroid disorders are:

  • Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism: Hypothyroidism is a common disease, which arises when your thyroid gland is not able to produce enough of thyroid hormones, as per your body needs. Besides, hyperthyroidism is also quite more common in women than men, and takes place when your thyroid gland produces too much of thyroid hormones than what your body’s requirements are.
  • Thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer: Thyroid nodules are the lump in your thyroid gland, which can be fluid-filled or solid. Usually thyroid nodules do cause any symptoms, and rarely thyroid nodules are cancerous.
  • Goitre: Swelling in the front of your thyroid gland is called goitre. Insufficiency of iodine is the main reason for goitre. Some form of goitres might cause noticeable symptoms, and some goitres may not show any symptoms.
  • Thyroiditis: A swelling or inflammation caused by viral infection or autoimmune disorder is called thyroiditis. Besides, it can also be caused by leak of the thyroid hormones. Thyroiditis symptoms may depend on the severity of the disease.

Tests to diagnose thyroid diseases

  • TSH test: Most of the time, medical experts suggest taking a TSH test. An elevated level of TSH indicates low thyroid hormones or hypothyroidism. Besides, A decreased TSH level indicates high thyroid hormones or hyperthyroidism
  • T3 and T4 test: These tests help to monitor the level of that particular thyroid hormone.
  • Thyroid ultrasound: With thyroid ultrasound, doctors analyse the abnormal tissues of the thyroid gland.
  • Thyroid biopsy: The thyroid biopsy helps to diagnose thyroid cancer.

Fortunately, there are numerous thyroid treatments available, such as antithyroid medications, thyroid hormone pills, thyroid surgery, radioactive iodine, and others. Your doctor will decide what treatment will be the best suitable option according to your condition.