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Feb 2024

High Cholesterol : Everything you need to know

Posted By Suborna Fermi Posted on Feb 16, 2024

Cholesterol is produced in our liver and it is a fat-like substance. This particular substance can’t get dissolved in water, so it keeps flowing in our bloodstream. To ease this transportation, our liver makes particles made of protein and fat, which are called lipoproteins and they are responsible for carrying triglycerides and cholesterol.

The two forms of lipoprotein are named low-density lipoprotein or LDL and High-density Lipoprotein or HDL. HDL is called good cholesterol and LDL is called bad cholesterol. A brief on LDL, HDL and triglycerides is given below for you.

  • Low-Density Lipoprotein: LDL or bad cholesterol can be extremely harmful for your health as it can start building up in your artery walls and collapse the arteries. As a result of that, the flow of blood may get hampered and the chances of blood clotting increases. It may be the reason for strokes or a serious heart attack.
  • High-density Lipoprotein: It prevents the LDL cholesterol from building up in your artery walls and also helps to send the LDL cholesterol back to your liver so that the liver can eliminate it from your body. Hence, high-density lipoprotein is also called good cholesterol.
  • Triglycerides: Triglycerides are not like cholesterol and they are a completely different kind of lipid. Triglycerides are used as an energy source when cholesterol is used by the body for the purpose of building cells. Consuming more calories than your body needs or can use then the triglycerides levels may increase, which may cause several types of serious health problems.

If anybody has an abnormally high amount of LDL cholesterol or bad cholesterol in the blood, then that individual can be diagnosed with high cholesterol and high cholesterol can lead to several health problems. Health issues like stroke or heart attack may take place because of the presence of too much cholesterol in the blood. Some of the major health complications that may take place because of high cholesterol may include

  • Heart attack
  • Chest pain
  • Stroke
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Hypertension
  • Peripheral vascular disease

High cholesterol is mostly asymptomatic. It’s impossible to assume the presence of high cholesterol in the body until it starts causing serious health conditions. The best way to avoid abnormal cholesterol gain in the body is to avoid the potential causes of high cholesterol.

Causes of high cholesterol

Frequent consumption of cholesterol-rich foods can effectively bring your body's cholesterol levels to the peak. There are thyroid issues like hypothyroidism that may also cause a boost in the cholesterol levels in your body. When low amounts of thyroid hormones are produced, then automatically your metabolism gets hampered and your body fails to burn enough calories.

Apart from that, certain lifestyle factors are also there that can contribute to the abnormal rise of cholesterol levels in your body. If you are not an active person in your personal life or you never get involved in physical workout sessions, then you are at a higher risk of facing the rise of cholesterol levels. Knowingly, smoking is a bad lifestyle habit that can cause a hike in your cholesterol levels. Also, you are at a high risk of experiencing elevated cholesterol levels if you are suffering from diabetes.

There are also genetic reasons like familial hypercholesterolemia, which is a harmful genetic disorder that is known for preventing the body from removing the low-density lipoprotein. You receive your genes from your mother and father. Your body’s way of processing fat and cholesterol can be instructed by certain genes. So if your parents have previously suffered from high cholesterol, then you are at a higher risk of experiencing elevated cholesterol levels in the body.

Risk factors for high cholesterol

  • People who are suffering from obesity are most likely to experience elevated cholesterol levels.
  • People who are involved in unhealthy lifestyle habits like smoking may also experience a hike in cholesterol levels.
  • High consumption of trans and saturated fats can also be the reason for high cholesterol.
  • People who lack physical activities or exercise and mostly prefer to sit idle are at the risk of developing high cholesterol in the body.
  • An individual suffering from kidney disease, diabetes or hypothyroidism is at a major risk of having high cholesterol levels in the body.

How can you prevent high cholesterol?

  1. You must avoid Unhealthy habits like smoking and drinking.
  2. You should consume fibre-rich foods as well as foods low in animal fats and cholesterol.
  3. Choose grilled, boiled and baked foods over fried foods.
  4. Limit the consumption of high-fat dairy products, red meat as well as deeply fried foods.
  5. Regular physical exercise is a must to prevent abnormal hike of cholesterol in the body.

Keep monitoring your cholesterol levels

Although high cholesterol in the body may not cause any issues during the earlier stages, it may be the reason for life-threatening medical emergencies like heart attacks or strokes in the long run. So it is important to keep an eye on your cholesterol levels always. The doctors may suggest going for a lipid panel test to measure your overall cholesterol levels. Your total cholesterol levels will include the counts of both LDL cholesterol and HDL cholesterol. Any abnormalities in the cholesterol levels in your body can be accurately detected through a lipid profile test. If the test report shows that the LDL cholesterol levels in your body are too high, then it can be declared that you are diagnosed with high cholesterol.

Some medical emergencies don’t give much time before turning fatal. Heart attacks and strokes are two of those types of serious medical conditions. Such dangerous health conditions have already claimed a lot of innocent lives all over the world, so you must not neglect health issues like high cholesterol. Once you get diagnosed with high cholesterol, you must seek medical attention as soon as possible and get the necessary treatments before the condition turns severe.

Statins are common medicines that medical experts usually prescribe to patients having high cholesterol for lowering their cholesterol levels. There are medications like atorvastatin, and fluvastatin that can be prescribed if you are suffering from high cholesterol. However, nobody should consume these medicines without having proper recommendations from a certified doctor.

Get yourself tested from a reliable pathology lab today

Delaying your lipid profile test means retaining the risks of many critical health issues on your shoulder. It’s not difficult anymore to get the best lipid panel test facilities. You can quickly book a test package that covers the lipid test for yourself or any of your loved ones nowadays. The first step is to choose a reliable diagnostic lab carefully that can ensure the best service quality as well as test report accuracy. Then you can choose one from the diverse range of test packages that they offer. A lipid panel test does not cost much, so you can easily go for it without worrying about expanding the budget.

The home sample collection facilities are available in almost every major city these days. Now you don’t need to worry about physically visiting any pathology lab to get your lipid tests done. Just book the package online and choose a slot, a healthcare professional will appear accordingly at your house to collect the necessary samples. It’s truly that easy to get your lipid panel tests done. Book a lipid test today and get any abnormalities in the cholesterol levels in your body detected accurately.