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Jun 2023

Hepatitis B : Risk factors, symptoms and diagnosis

Posted By Suborna Fermi Posted on Jun 21, 2023

Hepatitis B is known as one of the most serious types of liver infections that may keep turning serious with time. Hepatitis B infection is caused by the hepatitis virus and this specific kind of liver disease can be both acute and chronic. Hepatitis B is a transmissible disease and it can spread from one person to another when a person gets in touch with body fluids, open sores or blood of another person who is carrying the seed of this harmful infection in the body. As a matter of fact, hepatitis B is known for being the reason for so many kinds of serious health conditions like liver cancer, liver failure or scarring of an organ as well as cirrhosis.

As we all know, sometimes it becomes impossible for us to determine whether we have a disease in our body or not just because we stay unaware of the symptoms most of the time. Having sound knowledge about the major signs and symptoms of any disease including hepatitis B can help us sense the presence of the disease in our body and go for a test immediately. Take a glance at some of the most mentionable signs and symptoms of Hepatitis B.

Major symptoms of hepatitis B

  • Light coloured poop
  • Jaundice
  • Stomach trouble
  • Joint pain
  • Belly pain
  • Long lasting fatigue
  • Fever
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dark urine

It may take up to six months for the symptoms to be generated after you catch the disease. It is always recommended to seek medical attention immediately or go for a test if these symptoms start to show up in your body. You should always keep this in mind that the more you delay in taking necessary medical actions, the more the chances of severity of this disease increases. However, another major thing to do is to stay away from the risk factors although there are still a large number of people who have no idea about the major risk factors of Hepatitis B. If you can stay away from all those risk factors of hepatitis, then automatically your chances of getting infected decreases. Take a glance at some of the most mentionable risk factors of Hepatitis B.

Hepatitis B risk factors

  • Unprotected sex with any person who is carrying the seed of this disease in the body can make you infected.
  • If you share a needle for any purpose from a person who is suffering from hepatitis B, then you can catch this infection.
  • A baby can have this disease if the mother who is carrying the baby in her womb is also having the seed of Hepatitis B in the body.

Apart from that, people who are receiving dialysis for kidney issues are also at a risk of getting Hepatitis B. Fortunately, now it’s easier than ever to determine the presence of this disease in the body. There are so many pathology labs these days with advanced medical technologies that can detect the disease in your body with complete accuracy. A short brief on how the disease can be diagnosed is given below, have a look.

How to diagnose Hepatitis B

Your blood test tested to detect the presence of hepatitis B. If the doctor suspects that you may have the disease in your body or if the primary signs and symptoms of Hepatitis B starts to get visible in your body then the doctor may suggest you to go for this test. Two things are majorly examined through this specific test, such as -

  • Hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody: The proteins in the Hepatitis B virus are called antigens and antibodies are produced by the natural immune system of your body. Within one to ten weeks after your exposure to this infection, the antigens will be showing up in your blood and usually, they even go away within four to six months after you recover from this infection. If it is found that the antigens are still remaining in you even after six months have passed, then your condition will be considered chronic. If the disease turns chronic, the medical experts may collect a sample of tissue from your liver to examine how severe your chronic condition is.
  • Hepatitis B surface antibody: These specific types of antibodies show up after the Hepatitis B surface antigen is totally gone. The presence of these antibodies in your blood indicates that you will be immune to Hepatitis B till the end.

To perform this test, your blood sample will be required. A healthcare professional will be fetching a specific amount of blood using a syringe from your vein. Soon after the process of blood collection is completed, the collected sample will be carried to the pathology labs and the experts will be performing necessary tests on that particular sample. Once the samples are collected, it won’t take much long to generate an accurate test report. You can have a brief consultation with the pathologists or any of the medical experts about the test report to properly interpret the test results and know if the report shows any abnormality. Sometimes, a liver ultrasound test can also be performed to assess the exact amount of damage that has taken place in the liver.

Nowadays, getting tested for Hepatitis B profile is not a big deal anymore as a lot of genuine and reliable diagnostic centres are providing Hepatitis B test facilities. Most of these test facilities are available for a very reasonable price, so no need to be concerned about carrying a massive expense to get the test facilities. Nowadays, you can easily book a Hepatitis B test or any other test online quickly and avail the benefits of home sample collection, in which, a healthcare professional will be arriving at your house to collect samples.

You must not deal with serious infections like Hepatitis B with ignorance because it may give birth to conditions like liver cancer or failure, which may even turn life threatening for you or any of your loved ones. Get yourself tested today and get the presence of this harmful infection detected in your body with complete accuracy.