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Feb 2024

Heart Diseases : Everything you need to know

Posted By Suborna Fermi Posted on Feb 26, 2024

Heart diseases have the biggest potential to turn into a life-threatening medical emergency within a very short span of time. There are so many kinds of heart diseases that have already claimed so many lives in different corners of the world. Although heart diseases are treatable, the most effective way to stay away from the possibility of heart diseases is to adopt certain lifestyle habits that can help you maintain heart health. Also, it is required to avoid unhealthy lifestyle habits that may cause serious damage to the heart and lead to heart diseases.

People of any age may face heart disease. Sometimes, some heart diseases may turn fatal so quickly that it becomes truly difficult to seek medical attention at the right time. There are several types of heart diseases that may take place at any point of time.

Types of heart diseases

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Coronary Artery Disease
  • Arrhythmia
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Heart infections
  • Congenital heart defects

We often overlook the symptoms of heart diseases, which may end up causing serious damage to our heart or overall health. It is necessary to have sound knowledge about the symptoms of all these heart diseases so that once the symptoms start showing up, you may quickly have a consultation with a medical expert and decide further steps. Some of the major symptoms of these heart diseases are mentioned below.

A brief on heart diseases and their common symptoms

1. Atherosclerosis: The limbs or appendages of a human body (mostly feet and hands) are known as extremities. Atherosclerosis is a health condition, in which, the blood supply in your extremities gets reduced. People suffering from this condition may experience symptoms like shortness of breath, chest pain and moderate or high muscle weakness in the legs.

2. Coronary Artery Disease: This is one of the most common heart diseases. Arteries are responsible for transporting oxygen-rich blood through our lungs and heart. Coronary artery disease hampers the flow of blood in the arteries that are responsible for supplying blood to the heart. When the heart does not get sufficient arterial blood, an individual may experience symptoms like chest pain, tightness, squeezing, heaviness etc. This condition is mostly caused by cholesterol plaque buildup including vascular injury.

3. Arrhythmia: This is a health condition that causes abnormal rhythm of the heart. An individual may face too slow or too fast heart rates, which also depends on the type of arrhythmia that has taken place. Arrhythmia may cause damage to many important organs of the body. An individual suffering from arrhythmia may experience a feeling of fluttering in the chest or neck and irregular or rapid heartbeats.

4. Cardiomyopathy: Cardiomyopathy is a condition of the heart muscles, in which the heart muscles grow bigger and become rigid, weak or thick. Some major types of cardiomyopathy are restricted cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. A person suffering from cardiomyopathy may grow symptoms like fatigue, chest pain, fainting spells, dizziness, heart palpitations, hypertension, bloated abdomen, shortness of breath etc.

5. Congenital heart defects: This is a heart condition of newborns that remains present at birth. Congenital heart defects can be detected during pregnancy ultrasound. Newborns having this disease may develop symptoms like feeding difficulties, low birth weight, delayed growth, chest pain, bluish skin or lips etc.

6. Heart infections: Heart infections may also turn dangerous. Two major types of heart infections are myocarditis and endocardities.

Causes of heart diseases

The causes of a heart disease may vary based on the type of heart disease that has taken place. The major causes of Arrythmia are hypertension, diabetes, coronary artery disease and certain types of medications. On the other hand, certain kinds of parasites and viruses can be the reason for heart infections. It is always recommended to get necessary treatments for all those health conditions that you are suffering from, which may cause damage to your heart. The best way to know about the factors that is causing heart issues in your body is to consult a medical expert and get the necessary tests done as per recommendations.

Risk factors of heart diseases

There are risk factors of heart diseases that you can not avoid. For example, if you have a family history of heart diseases then you are more likely to face a heart disease. Apart from that, males are more likely to develop heart diseases than the females. However, there are risk factors that you can avoid to stay away from the chances of facing heart diseases.

Smoking is one of the most unhealthy habits that may cause serious damage to your heart. You must keep yourself away from smoking to maintain heart health. Some other risk factors of heart diseases include

  • High amount of bad cholesterol and low amount of good cholesterol
  • Hypertension
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes

How can you maintain your heart health and stay away from heart diseases?

  1. Maintain a healthy blood pressure in the body.
  2. Maintain a healthy body weight.
  3. Stay away from unhealthy lifestyle habits like smoking and drinking.
  4. Keep your stress levels managed.
  5. Get the necessary treatments if you are suffering from diabetes, hypertension or obesity.
  6. Talk to a doctor and get the necessary tests if you have a family history of heart disease.
  7. Get involved in regular exercise sessions.
  8. Manage your stress as much as possible.

There is a diverse range of medical technologies available currently that can help you get any abnormalities in your heart detected with complete accuracy. Some of the most common tests that can be recommended to detect the presence of heart diseases are

  • ECG
  • Echocardiogram
  • Heart MRI
  • CT scan
  • Carotid ultrasound
  • Tilt-table test
  • Stress test
  • Coronary angiography
  • Electrophysiology
  • Cardiac catheterization

The doctors may also ask you about the medical history of your family when you appear for any of these heart tests. Some blood tests can additionally be ordered to look for potential risk factors like cholesterol levels. Nowadays, treatment options for heart diseases are widely available, however, getting the right treatment when serious heart issues start occurring is a big challenge.

Although treatments may not reverse the damage that has already been caused by heart disease, they may help to manage the condition. Knowingly, Beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, blood thinners etc are some types of medications that are typically used for treating heart diseases. However, an individual must avoid the consumption of any of these types of medications without having proper recommendations from a certified medical expert.

Nowadays, there are so many genuine and reliable pathology labs that provide all the heart test facilities for a very reasonable cost. Most of these advanced pathology labs involve the use of modern medical equipment to ensure zero errors in the test report, so you don’t need to worry about the test report accuracy.

Many advanced diagnostic labs are now providing world-class heart checkup facilities in most of the major cities, so you won’t face any challenge to find a reliable diagnostic lab and get yourself tested. Always remember, heart diseases are widely known for turning fatal, so never make the decision of skipping heart checkups, especially if you have symptoms of heart issues or a family history of heart diseases. Consult a pathology lab today and get necessary heart checkups done.