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Jul 2023

Everything you should know about urinalysis

Posted By Suborna Fermi Posted on Jul 05, 2023

Along with the blood tests, urinalysis is also very important to detect a disease. There are several diseases or infections that can be diagnosed with a urinalysis, such as urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted diseases and others.

What is urinalysis?

Urinalysis commonly known as urine tests which is used to examine chemical, visual and microscopic elements in your urine. A complete urine analysis may include several diagnostic urine tests to examine several elements in a single urine sample.

What are the tests included in a urinalysis?

Depending on your symptoms and health condition, your doctor may suggest several different tests in a urinalysis. Generally, doctors looks for the following aspects in a urine sample:

  • Color
  • Appearance
  • Chemical findings
  • Microscopic findings

What are the purposes of this test?

There are multiple purposes for a urinalysis, such as:

  • To get a complete knowledge about your health.
  • To identify the reason behind the urine related symptoms.
  • To detect a pregnancy.
  • To monitor the efficacy of diabetes, kidney disorders and STI treatment.

Why should you go for a urinalysis?

Considering that a urinalysis can give proper details about your health, your doctor may suggest a urinalysis for several distinctive reasons. Some major reasons your doctor may recommend this test:

  • As a part of your routine health checkup to monitor early signs of any health condition.
  • If you are experiencing the symptoms of diabetes and kidney disease.
  • To diagnose sexually transmitted diseases and urinary tract infections.
  • To analyze your progress of any diabetes or kidney treatment.
  • As a part of your pre-checkup before surgery.
  • If you are going to be admitted to a hospital.

How would you prepare yourself for a urinalysis?

Generally, first morning urine is needed for a urinalysis. This is why you need to drink a lot of fluid the night before the test to produce enough urine.

As many medications may affect your urine by changing the color or appearance of urine, your doctor may also restrict some of the medication before the test. Therefore, do talk with your doctor if you have any health conditions.

Also, the most important thing is, period blood in urine may affect the urinalysis test reports. So make sure to talk with your doctor if you are on your menstruation cycle.

What disease can be diagnosed through a urinalysis?

Multiple diseases or infections can be detected with an urinalysis, and the common conditions are:

  • Urinary tract infection: Urinary tract infection is a very common condition in both men and women, which is mainly caused by E. Coli bacteria. However women are more prone to get these infections. According to a survey, nearly 20% of women have at least one urinary infection in their lifetime. The symptoms may include bloody urine, foul smell, itching and burning sensation while intercourse.
  • Sexually transmitted disease: Sexually transmitted disease is generally caused by Trichomoniasis, which can be detected in a urinalysis.
  • Kidney disorders: Our kidney plays the main role in eliminating wastes through urination. Any kidney disorder can affect the urine. This is why a urinalysis is needed to diagnose a kidney disorder. If you have symptoms of kidney disease then go for a KFT test as soon as possible.
  • Cancer screening: Urine tests can detect the presence of cancer at a very early stage. A urinalysis can detect the presence of bladder cancer, ureter cancer and kidney cancer.
  • High blood pressure: Urine tests can help in detecting catecholamines to determine the cause of high blood pressure or hypertension.

Urinalysis can help in diagnosing many infections and diseases, but it is not used to confirm a diagnosis. Depending on your condition, your doctor may recommend additional diagnostic tests along with the urinalysis to confirm a diagnosis.