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Jun 2018

Arthritis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Posted By Suborna Fermi Posted on Jun 26, 2018

What Is Arthritis and How It Is Caused?

Arthritis is the injury of the meeting point of two bones (joints) which enhances the natural breakdown of the cartilage tissues in the area. This disease may also affect one's muscles, tendons, ligaments and cartilages. This naturally obstructs one's mobility and is generally accompanied by joint pain or arthralgia.

Men and women of all ages suffer arthritis equally. Even children can be prone to diseases. Studies have seen that sufferers are mostly below 65 years of age. If one is having a family history of the same they are at a more risk of being affected by the disease.

Arthritis can be subdivided into several forms. The most common ones are osteoarthritis (causing from wear and tear of cartilage) and rheumatoid arthritis (inflamed cartilage due to overactive immune system).

Depending on the form of arthritis the cause of arthritis can also differ. Like abnormal metabolism causes gout or pseudogout, injury causes degenerative arthritis. Osteoarthritis is caused by inheritance whereas overactive immune system causes the rheumatoid form of arthritis. Treatments are directed after diagnosing one on the basis of their Arthritis profiles.

Risk Factors of Arthritis

Things that can lead to arthritis are as follows:

  • Age- With increasing age the risk of getting affected by different types of arthritis, especially osteoarthritis increases.
  • Injuries- At any point of time in your life you have had a joint injury it has a chance of developing into osteoarthritis.
  • Obesity – Excess weight gain causes more wear and tear of the joints leading to arthritis.
  • Genetics- Most types of arthritis are inherited or genetic in nature.
  • Infection- several infections can also cause arthritis by attacking the joints.
  • Gender- Females are the most common types of arthritis sufferers. Males may be affected with ankylosing spondylitis and gout.
  • Occupation: Repetitive movements due to professional needs can predispose to the development of osteoarthritis and certain musculoskeletal conditions.

What is the Symptom of Arthritis?

Joint pain- Injuries or diseases affecting the tendons, ligaments and bursae can cause joint pains. Joint inflammation and infection can also a cause of the pain. However, Arthritis packages specify that in rare cases tumour is also found to be the cause.

Joint stiffness- The person affected faces difficulty moving the connected body part to the joints. Extreme stiffness can lead to deformity of the body posture.

Malaise/Fever/ Weight loss/ Fatigue- Rheumatoid arthritis can affect different organs of the body and not or only joints. Thus, the person might see abnormalities in organs like heart, kidney and lungs.

When to Seek Medical Care for Arthritis?

Early evaluations with the help of Arthritis test online can prevent disability and damage of the cartilages, muscles and tissues. It makes the process of treatment easier and a short one. If you experience joint pain and see unusual swelling, redness, stiffness, loss of motion or deformity, it is an indication that you may be affected with the disease. Even if the symptoms are minor but persist over a week one should get it evaluated.

Once you are suspicious of being affected with arthritis you should take the step forward to visit primary care physicians like family practice doctors, general practitioners and internists. They can help to diagnose and treat symptoms of arthritis with an Arthritis blood test.

The best guide for arthritis is Rheumatologists who are specialized in more than a 100 types of arthritis. They are also believed to have an expertise in diagnosis and treatment of the disease, even complex conditions.

Another specialist in the matter is Orthopedists. These are surgeons treat arthritis when surgical treatment is essential. Other medical professionals who are concerned with the treatment of arthritis are physical and occupational therapists.

Tips to Avoid Arthritis

Where family history, gender and increasing age is out of one's control, there are still some ways to prevent arthritis. Healthy habits can be a great benefactor in the matter. The ways you can adopt are as follows:

Exercise daily

Regular exercise can help one be in shape, taking the load off the joints. Exercises also help to strengthen the muscle around the joint which reduces wear and tear to a great extent.

Keep your weight in check

The knee joints have to support the body weight. So, being obese can be a disadvantage for one which can lead to osteoarthritis. The lesser the body weight the less chances of getting affected.

Eat a lot of fish

Certain fishes contain high levels of fatty acids and omega-3. Omega-3 has the power to reduce inflammation in the body. Studies have found that women who consume fish regularly run a lower risk of having rheumatoid arthritis.

Avoid injury

Let your muscles and cartilages not be injured. A joint injury in the young ages can cause to wear out more quickly than normal. Thus, it is important to avoid injury while playing sports by using proper safety equipment. Learning the right exercise techniques can also help one avoid everyday strains from the joints.

Regular doctor visits are a must along with the above-mentioned points to keep your joints healthy and happy. To know more about the same take Arthritis health check-up packages today!