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Apr 2024

AIDS: Causes, Symptoms, Complications and Treatment

Posted By Suborna Fermi Posted on Apr 19, 2024

AIDS is a deadly sexually transmitted disease that has already claimed so many lives all over the globe. HIV is a virus that is mainly known for being the major reason behind this incurable disease. This harmful virus keeps causing harm to the natural immune system of a human body, which eventually leads to immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is mainly the ultimate stage of the infection caused by the HIV virus.

Once AIDS takes place, the immune system of an individual may get partially or completely damaged. In fact, people who are infected with this deadly virus may even become extremely vulnerable to other diseases because of having a weakened immune system. Diseases like pneumonia, tuberculosis as well as certain kinds of cancer may easily cause massive harm to people suffering from AIDS.

Causes of AIDS

As mentioned before, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV is the primary cause of AIDS. This virus may get transmitted from another infected person into your body. The virus can quickly enter your body through your mouth, vagina, anus, penis or broken skin. As a matter of fact, intentional or unintentional intake of blood, vaginal fluids, semen, rectal fluids or breast milk of an infected person can lead the virus to your body.

This is the reason why you must discard unhealthy habits like sharing needles or getting involved in unprotected physical intercourse with multiple partners, or with someone whose medical history is completely unknown to you. This is why medical experts recommend couples to go for a premarital test who are about to be married soon as it may help them stay away from the chances of sexually transmitted diseases.

Symptoms of AIDS

The severity of the primary symptoms of AIDS may vary from person to person. However, you may also have HIV even if you don’t notice any visible symptoms in your body. Here comes the necessity of getting tested for HIV even if an individual is not facing any sickness. Some of the major symptoms of HIV are mentioned below for you.

  • Recurrent Fever
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Chronic swollen lymph nodes
  • Rashes or bumps on the skin
  • Abnormal weight loss
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Memory loss
  • Lack of concentration
  • Confusion
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Sore or spots in the mouth and tongue

However, there are some symptoms that are almost similar to the ones of common flu, so sometimes it becomes really hard to differentiate. This is why the most effective solution is to go for an HIV test.

Complications caused by AIDS

Some of the major complications that are common with HIV are mentioned below.

  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • Chronic Pneumonia
  • Candidiasis
  • Coccidioidomycosis
  • Herpes simplex
  • Isosporiasis
  • Histoplasmosis
  • Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
  • Tuberculosis
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Cervical cancer
  • Lymphoma
  • Wasting syndrome

Treatments of AIDS

Unfortunately, there is no cure for AIDS. However, antiretroviral therapies may help to stop HIV from leading to AIDS. The treatments must take place as soon as HIV is diagnosed in an individual. It may also help to limit the chances of transmission of HIV to other people.

Just because no cure has been introduced so far for AIDS, everyone must take necessary precautions from their end to avoid the chances of facing this disease. As mentioned before, one must avoid sharing needles or getting involved in unprotected sex with anybody who has not been tested yet for HIV. If you work at any healthcare point, consider taking enough precautions.

There are so many genuine and reliable diagnostic labs that provide HIV test facilities for a very reasonable price. Always remember, that HIV is sometimes asymptomatic too. The only way to make sure that this disease is not growing silently inside your body is to go for a test. Consult a reliable pathology lab today to know more about the HIV test facilities.