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Apr 2024

Acid Reflux: Symptoms, Causes and home remedies

Posted By Suborna Fermi Posted on Apr 06, 2024

Acid reflux, also known as acidity, is a very common condition that can happen both day and night. Poor lifestyles and diets generally cause acidity. The symptoms of acid reflux mainly include heatburn, indigestion, nausea, and a burning sensation in the stomach. However, several natural remedies can help ease the symptoms.

What is acid reflux?

Acid reflux is a very common condition that can affect anyone at any time. When someone suffers from acid reflux, they might experience heatburn around the chest. This basically occurs when the stomach acid flows back into the food pipe.

The foods we eat go down to the oesophagus, into the stomach. The gastric gland in your stomach produces acid in order to digest food and kill bacteria. Acidity occurs when your stomach produces more than needed amounts of acid, which then leads to a burning sensation in the upper stomach.

Who is more likely to have acidity?

People who are more likely to experience acidity include:

  • People who are obese
  • People who eat spicy food
  • People who take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Pregnant women
  • Women in menopause stage
  • People who suffer from asthma, diabetes, peptic ulcers, Zollnger-Elison syndrome, hiatal hernia, or connective tissue disorder
  • People who consume excessive amount of alcohol

What causes acid reflux?

Acid reflux or acidity may occur due to several reasons, such as:

  • Having unhealthy eating habits
  • Eating large amounts of certain foods
  • Having certain medical conditions, such as asthma, diabetes, peptic ulcers, etc.
  • Medicinal side effects
  • Experiencing stress or lack of sleep

What are the symptoms of acidity?

The primary symptom of acidity is a burning sensation in the stomach. However, other symptoms may include:

  • Burning sensation below the breastbone and throat
  • Indigestion
  • Constipation
  • Nausea
  • Persistent sour taste in the mouth
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Bad breath
  • Restlessness

What are the ways to get relief from acidity?

If you are suffering from acidity, here are a few natural ways to lessen the symptoms. Hoem remedies include:

1. Avoid foods and drinks that are causing acidity:

There are certain foods that may trigger acid reflux. Avoiding those foods may help reduce the occurrence or severity of the symptoms. Coffee, tomatoes, spicy foods, fatty foods, and alcohol generally trigger acid reflux.

2. Maintain a moderate weight:

Many studies have shown that there is a link between obesity and an increased risk of developing acidity. People who are obese may find that maintaining a moderate weight helps them reduce the frequency of acidity.

3. Eat in small amounts and sleep a little longer:

Eating small amounts of food puts less pressure on the stomach, which prevents the backflow of stomach acid. Therefore, eating a small amount of food frequently can help prevent heatburn. However, also make sure that you do not lay down right after eating.

4. Quit smoking:

Studies have found that smoking damages the lower esphageal sphincter. Weakened muscle of the lower esophageal sphincter may cause frequent episodes of heatburn.

Home remedies are the best ways to soothe occasional episodes of heartburn. However, prolonged or untreated acid reflux may increase your risk of esophageal damage. People with gastroesophageal reflux disease may need proper medication along with home remedies.