• Home
  • Blogs
  • About dengue: everything you need to know
Feb 2022

About dengue: everything you need to know

Posted By Suborna Fermi Posted on Feb 16, 2022

Dengue fever is a dreadful mosquito borne-disease, which is caused by any of the four correlated dengue viruses. The virus which causes dengue is also connected to the virus which causes West Nile infection and yellow fever. The dengue fever does not transmit through person to person. This virus spreads through the bite of an aedes aegypti mosquito, which bears the dengue virus.

Millions of people beyond the world are getting infected with dengue fever each year. Typically, dengue fever is very common in warm, wet, or tropical areas around the world. Some tropical areas which are at highest risk of getting affected including:

  • Southwest Asia
  • Southwest China
  • The Indian subcontinent
  • Southern china
  • Taiwan
  • Central America
  • South America
  • Mexico
  • Africa
  • Northern Australia
  • The Caribbean
  • The pacific islands

Most of the people also get infected with dengue virus because of traveling in these areas with high risk of dengue.

Symptoms of dengue fever:

Dengue symptoms can be very mild and begin to appear four to ten days after the infection. In most of the cases the dengue symptoms often get mistaken for other viral infections. The symptoms are:

  • Unexpected high fever
  • Severe headache
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Mild to severe vomiting
  • Blood in the vomit or stool
  • Inflamed lymph nodes
  • Extreme joint or muscle pain
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Skin rash
  • Bleeding from the nose and gums
  • Abdomen pain

These are all the common symptoms of dengue. However, dengue fever can cause hemorrhagic fever, damage lymph nodes or blood vessels, and can enlarge your liver. In severe cases dengue fever can cause enormous bleeding, shock, and even sudden death., which is called dengue shock syndrome.

Diagnosing of dengue fever

Your doctor will diagnose dengue infection by assessing the antibodies to the dengue infection in your blood. Medical experts use virological and serological tests to diagnose dengue fever.

Treatment of dengue fever

Unfortunately, there are no specific medications available to treat dengue infection. If you suspect that you may have dengue fever, then you need to take a painkiller to bring down your fever, and to lower headache or pain. Remember, you should not use aspirin ibuprofen, they can worsen your bleeding problems. With dengue infection, you must drink lots of fluids and take rest as much as possible. If the situation becomes worse, you may need to be admitted to a hospital.

Dengue infection can be a threat to your life. Hence, it is important to prevent them beforehand. Do use mosquito repellent outdoors as well as indoors, be sure that your windows do not have any holes, wear long sleeved shirts and plants. Most importantly, if you notice any of the dengue symptoms, fetch to your nearest doctor immediately.