What is Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?
Polycystic ovary syndrome is basically an endocrine disorder. With this disease your ovaries generate a large amount of androgen hormone (male hormone, present in the female body as well but in small amounts), and your ovaries will develop many fluid-filled cysts. All of these affect a woman’s menstrual cycle and ovulation. To detect whether you have PCOS, it is important to have a pcos blood test.
What is PCOD or Polycystic ovarian syndrome disease?
PCOD or polycystic ovarian syndrome is a quite common disorder, which mainly affects a woman’s ovaries. This disease affects your ovaries for which the ovaries generate immature eggs, which in future become cysts. As a result of this, the ovaires will gradually become large and will produce more androgen (male hormone) hormones. This can cause irregular menstrual cycles, weight gain, hair loss, and infertility.
What is the difference between PCOD and PCOS?
People generally think PCOD and PCOS are the same thing. And thinking this is quite obvious because both of the diseases have similar symptoms. PCOD is a more common disorder as compared to PCOS. PCOS is considered to be a more severe disease than PCOD and needs external hormone intake, whereas PCOD can be treated with a quality lifestyle.
Also, both of the diseases affect a woman’s fertility, but with PCOD pregnancy is possible. You can call your nearest diagnostic center to find the pcos test cost.
What are the signs and symptoms of PCOD?
Some women may start noticing the PCOD symptoms for the first day of their period. The typical signs and symptoms of of PCOD are:
- Weight gain
- Hair loss
- Excessive body hair growth
- Irregular menstrual cycle
- Skipped menstruation
- Heavy menstruation bleeding
What are the causes of PCOD?
The exact causes of PCOD are known yet. However, here are some factors which can cause PCOD disease. The factors include:
- Excessive insulin production in the body also increases the production of androgen hormone in the body, which creates difficulties in ovulation. Higher than normal androgen levels in a female body can cause acne, extra weight gain, and body hair.
- A recent study stated that low grade inflammation can cause high androgen production in the body.
- Also, some studies have shown that genetics also plays an integral role in having PCOD.
What are the complications of PCOD?
Generally, PCOD can cause many serious health complications. One might wonder what are the complications? All the complications which may arise due to PCOD are mentioned below:
- Type 2 diabetes
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
- Metabolic syndrome
- Premature labor
- Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
- Endometrial cancer
- Sleep apnea
Those who have PCOS should monitor their condition everyday to avoid any unwanted health complications. If your PCOD problem is not properly treated, then you are might be at a high risk of having type 2 diabetes, infertility, miscarriage, and endometrial cancers.
What is a pcod profile test?
It is important to diagnose PCOD as early as possible, to avoid such extreme health complications of untreated PCOD.
A pcod profile test is designed to diagnose PCOD by measuring certain hormone levels, such as:
- High-density lipoprotein
- Low-density lipoprotein
- Total cholesterol
- Luteinizing hormone
- Sex hormone binding globulin
- Follicle-stimulating hormone
- Anti-mullerian hormone
Why should you choose the Thyrocare pcod profile?
Thyrocare pcod profile test is the ideal test package to determine whether you have PCOD or not, this package does include 37 essential necessary tests to diagnose PCOD. The tests which are included in the package are:
- Luteinizing hormone
- Follicle-stimulating hormone
- Thyroid stimulating hormone
- Average blood glucose
- Complete hemogram
What is the cost of a pcod test?
A pcod profile test price is very minimal, and according to its minimal price it is providing you 37 essential tests.
Do you need any test preparations?
To appear in the pcod test, you might be required to fast (no drink and food) for at least eight to twelve hours before the test. Also, as we know, pcod profile blood test examines different hormone levels, certain medicines can interfere in the test results. Therefore, do consult with your doctor about any specific test instructions.
What is the procedure of the pcod test?
Pcod profile is a test which is just similar to a normal blood test. First you will need to sit calmly in a chair. Before injecting the syringe, the lab professional will clean the upper arm area with a cotton ball. After cleaning, they will eject a small thin needle in the upper arm area to collect the blood. After collecting blood, they will place a cotton ball into that particular area to stop the bleeding. This whole blood collecting procedure will hardly take 10 to 15 minutes.
Is there any risk of having this test?
Blood tests are very normal yet essential to diagnose any health disease. In every blood drawing procedure there will be slight risk. You might feel a tingling sensation when the needle will be inserted, and the area might get bruised as well. However, all the pain and bruising will naturally ease away after one or two days.
What is the treatment of PCOD?
Apart from the blood tests, your doctor will also do a physical examination. Where your body weight, blood pressure, body mass etc will be examined. Your doctor will also ask you about your eating habits, lifestyle habits, and medical history.
So, now the thing is, how PCOD is being treated? Treatment of this will depend on solving the various PCOD problems including obesity, irregular menstrual period, acne hirsutism, and infertility.
Basically, the PCOD treatment will be to manage the symptoms. The treatments includes:
- Managing your irregular menstrual cycle with hormonal imbalance and insulin resistance medications
- Improving eggs quality and quantity through injections and medicines
- Infertility treatment with fertility medicines
- Skin treatment for reducing acne, skin discoloration, and hirsutism
Lifestyle adjustments to treat PCOD:
PCOD is such a condition which doesn’t have any particular dedicated treatment but can be very severe if not treated well. But the one thing about this disease is, only you can completely treat yourself. Wondering how? As lifestyle habits are one of the major reasons for developing PCOD, changing them will help to treat it as well. Undermentioned are the habits that you must follow to reduce androgen level in the body.
- Maintain a healthy body weight: Maintaining a healthy body weight have uncountable healthy benefits. It will improve your health by reducing your chance of developing heart disease, diabetes, high high blood pressure, and also lowers your cholesterol levels.
The ideal and healthy BMI of a woman is between 18.5-29.9, and above this range is considered as overweight. Losing weight or maintaining a healthy weight will hugely help in PCOD. Consult with a good dietician for good.
- Limit the consumption of carbohydrates: High insulin levels induce the production of androgen hormone. If you are diagnosed with PCOD then you should maintain yournsluin level by having a low-carb diet or a complex carbohydrate diet. Avoid starchy foods like potatoes, rice, bread, and pasta. And eat more vegetables, natural fats, and proteins.
- Be physically active: As mentioned earlier, weight has a huge role in reducing pcod symptoms, being physically active will help you lose or maintain weight, and control you blood glucose level. Exercising 20 minutes a day can help you lose weight, maintain your insulin levels, and improve your ovulation.
So, you can actually completely cure your PCOD problem with just maintaining a healthy weight, and doing regular exercise. Remember an untreated PCOD can lead you to health complications, and you may also experience difficulties in conceiving.
Although pregnancy is possible with some proper planning, and consulting a gynecologist. If you are experiencing skipped menstrual periods, excessive face or body hair, and if you have been failing to conceive for more than 1 year, then you should consult with a gynecologist as soon as possible.