HbA1c Test is used to quickly measure the amount of blood sugar that remains attached with Haemoglobin. Knowingly, the combination of Haemoglobin and glucose is known as HbA1c (glycated or glycosylated haemoglobin). Generally, this test is run to detect the possibilities of diabetes and prediabetes in adults. Everyone should go for this test for at least once in three months because the lifespan of red blood cells is usually 3 months. Your habit of smoking may affect your test results passively. Tests like Glycosylated HB Blood, Diabetes test, A1c Test, H1C test, A1c Haemoglobin test, Glycosylated HB are included in an HbA1c test. No hardcore preparations are needed to go for this test. You just need to follow the instructions given by your doctor before the test. If the value remains greater than 5.7 in your test results, then its normal. HBA1C Test Price is Rs. 300.
Also Know as - Haemoglobin A1C, Glycated Hemoglobin Test, Hba1c blood test, Hba1c Glycosylated Haemoglobin, A1C test, Diabetes test.
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What is a HbA1c test?
It is a known fact that hemoglobin is an important part of red blood cells and its main function is to carry oxygen. A HbA1c blood test is performed to measure the exact amount of blood sugar attached to your hemoglobin.
What is the use of the HbA1c test?
The HbA1c test is performed to assess the potential risks of diabetes. Besides, the risks of prediabetes in adults is also assessed through this test. Apart from that, if a person is already diabetic, then the HbA1c is performed to properly monitor the glucose levels of that person.
Why do you need a HbA1c test?
Increased thirst, fatigue, blurred vision etc are some of the major symptoms of diabetes and you should immediately go for this test if you notice any of these symptoms in you. Diabetes is one of the most critical types of diseases and it may turn very serious within a very short span of time. This is the major reason why you should go for the test to keep monitoring your blood glucose levels. Apart from that, extreme amounts of glucose in the blood may cause cardiac issues and also give birth to complexions like hypertension. Undoubtedly, there lies the necessity of a HbA1c test.
Test preparation and sample collection
A medical expert will be collecting the blood sample from your vein and the test will be performed on that blood sample. No specific preparations are required to go for this test.
What is the normal hba1c level?
The ideal A1c level is below 5.7%. If your test results show A1c level is between 5.7 - 6.4% then it indicates that you are in the prediabetes stage. Keep in mind that the elevated the A1c level the greater is your chance of developing diabetes. If the test result shows the level is higher than 6.4%, then it indicates that you have diabetes.
How to reduce hba1c level?
You can reduce your hba1c level by conducting some easy-peasy lifestyle tips. The best thing you can do to lower the A1c level is have a healthy diet plan, and have a basic yet effective exercise regimen. Besides, if you have already been diagnosed with diabetes, just make sure to follow the medications prescribed by your doctor to lower the hba1c levels.
When to get tested with a Hba1c test?
The healthcare experts suggests this test:
If you are overweight or have obesity. Because overweight persons are at higher risk for diabetes.
If you have high blood pressure. As uncontrolled blood pressure can cause imbalance in the A1c levels.
If you have a history of heart disease, and diabetes.
If you are being physically inactive.
If you are a woman over 45 years old, then you are at possible risk of low hemoglobin.
If you are a woman who has PCOS.
When is the test recommended?
The doctors prescribe this test, if you have symptoms of diabetes. The symptoms of diabetes are:
Your thirst and appetite will increase.
You will feel a frequent urge to pee.
You may experience blurred vision, as high blood sugar causes swelling in the eye’s lens.
You will experience unexplained fatigue. Because the glucose does not convert itself into energy.
Any cuts or wounds may take some time to heal. As the defective blood circulation slows down the healing process.
You may feel the sensation of tingling in the hands and feet. The damaged nerves in the limb are the cause of this sensation.
What is the cost of the Hba1c test?
The Hba1c test is a very common test, which doctors usually prefer no less than two times a year to any diabetic patient. Usually the hba1c test cost depends on the lab, location and also on the quality. The prices can be higher in the metro cities than tier 2 cities. Also, if the lab works under the guidance of NABL, and maintains the quality then the prices can be slightly high.
What you may expect in a Hba1c test?
A laboratory professional will collect a small amount of blood via a vein in your arm. They will first insert a thin needle into the vein in your arm to collect the blood. The sample will be stored in a test tube container, and then will be sent to the laboratory.
Do you need to test preparations?
No fasting or any other test preparation are needed to appear in this test.
Is there any risk in this test?
There is as such no risk in this test. However, you may feel pain when the needle is inserted. This spot might get bruised as well. But all this bruising and pain will go away within a day or two.
- Normal: HbA1c below 5.7%
- Prediabetes: HbA1c between 5.7% to 6.4%
- Diabetes: HbA1c of 6.5% and more