Vitamin Profile Test
Before beginning with what a vitamin profile test is, and what are the advantages of getting tested, we need to know everything about the vitamins. Here is the aggregate necessary information regarding vitamins, vitamin deficiencies, and vitamin profile test is clarified below.
What are Vitamins?
Vitamins are additive-free compounds, and these micronutrients have exceedingly high importance in our life. Our human body does not originate these nutrients, or produce them in very minute amounts. Hence, we collect vitamins from the food we eat.
Each and every organ of our body requires a nominal amount of vitamins for their daily healthy operations. Every vitamin has its own divergent functions in the body. For example, we require vitamin A for our better eye, teeth health.
What are the names of the essential vitamins?
- Vitamin A
- Vitamin B
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin D
- Vitamin E
- Vitamin K
- Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
- Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
- Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
- Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)
- Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
- Vitamin B7 (Biotine)
- Vitamin B9 (Folate)
- Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
What are the different types of vitamins?
Typically, vitamins are categorized as two types, such as water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins. Here is the description of the types of vitamins.
- Water-soluble vitamins: These types of vitamins do not stay in our body, they leave the body through urine. This is why they are called water-soluble vitamins. As they do not stay in the body for a long time, they also cannot be stored either.
Hence, it is important to consume them in nominal amounts on a daily basis. Vitamin C and all the B vitamins are considered as water-soluble vitamins.
- Fat-soluble vitamins: These vitamins usually stay in the body for days and even for months. And our body easily stores them in fatty tissues and in the liver. Vitamin A, E, and K falls into the fat-soluble category.
What are the different functions of vitamins in our body?
As mentioned earlier, all the essential vitamins have their own incomparable functions. All the vital functions of the vitamins are explained below for you.
1. Vitamin A
This fat-soluble vitamin is often also known as retinol or retinal. This is extremely essential for your good eye health, and deficiency of it might lead to future blindness.
Certain cheese, milk, eggs, cod liver oil, butter, broccoli, sweet potatoes, carrot, pumpkin, spinach, kale, collard greens, and apricots are the best sources of vitamin A.
2. Vitamin C
Vitamin C, known as ascorbic acid is a water-soluble vitamin necessary for the production of collagen, formation of bones, and for healing wounds. This vitamin works as an antioxidant, and strengthens your immune system and blood vessels.
As being a water-soluble vitamin, our body cannot store them for long periods of time, you have to consume them in a regular manner. You can get this vitamin from fresh or uncooked vegetables and citrus fruits.
3. Vitamin D
This particular fat-soluble vitamin has a high impact on strengthening your bones. Deficiency of this vitamin can lead to serious bone disorders, including osteomalacia, ricket, and bone softening.
The best source of this specific vitamin is exposure to the UVB rays of the sun. Apart from this, you can still get this vitamin from eggs, fatty fish, beef liver, mushrooms, cheese, and breakfast cereals.
4. Vitamin E
This fat-soluble antioxidant also known as tocopherol is extremely helpful in relieving oxidative stress, and also helps in forming red blood cells. Deficiency of this vitamin in children may cause hemolytic anemia. You can get this vitamin from almonds, kiwi, eggs, nuts, wheat germ, and leafy greens.
5. Vitamin K
This fat-soluble vitamin is required for our blood clotting. Vitamin K deficiency may cause bleeding diathesis. You can get this vitamin through leafy greens, pumpkin, fig, and natto.
6. Vitamin B1
This water-soluble vitamin is also known as thiamine. This vitamin aids in generating certain enzymes which helps in crumbling blood sugar. Vitamin B1 deficiency causes beriberi, and Wernicke-korsakoff syndrome.
Pork, eggs, liver, cauliflower, cereal grains, brown rice, kale, potatoes, and oranges are good sources of this vitamin.
7. Vitamin B2
The vitamin has huge importance for the development and growth of our body cells. Also, this helps in metabolizing foods. The best source of this vitamin is egg, meat, fish, yogurt, cottage cheese, and milk.
8. Vitamin B3
This fat-soluble vitamin is also known as niacinamide. This vitamin helps in the proper functioning and growth of the body cells. Egg, chicken, beef, fish, milk, salmon, tuna, leafy vegetables, carrots, lentils, nuts, tofu, and seeds.
9. Vitamin B5
Vitamin B5 is necessary for generating hormones and energy. Meat, whole grains, broccoli, yogurt, and avocados are few sources of this vitamin.
10. Vitamin B6
Our body requires vitamin B6 for the formation of red blood cells. Deficiency of this vitamin may lead to anemia, and peripheral neuropathy. Beef liver, chickpeas, bananas, nuts, and squash are some best sources from where you can get the B6 vitamin.
11. Vitamin B7
Vitamin B7 is a water-soluble vitamin which is widely known as Biotin. Biotin has numerous healthy benefits in our human body. It helps to metabolize proteins, improves your nervous system, and strengthens your hair. Liver, cheese, egg yolk, broccoli, and spinach have good amounts of biotin.
12. Vitamin B9
Vitamin B9 is usually known as folic acid, which is exceedingly important in the creation of RNA and DNA. Folic acid deficiency can be very harmful during pregnancy. Liver, leafy vegetables, sunflower seeds, legumes, and peas contain high amounts of folic acid.
13. Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 aids in improving your nervous system, deficiency can affect the health of the nervous system. Certain foods including egg, meat, fish, milk, fortified cereal, and soy have high amounts of vitamin B12.
Hence, we have the complete must-have information about the vitamins and their vital function in our human body. Now let’s discuss the vitamin profile test.
What is a vitamin profile?
We all know the significance of vitamins in our body. In this fast-paced world most people do not get the time to have a nutrition rich diet, and the consequences of this can be very lethal.
For the healthy functioning of every organ, vitamins have an integral role. Because of this, we have to maintain a proper balanced vitamin level in our body. Reduced or increased vitamin levels can cause very severe health complications to adults as well as children.
Now the question is how would you know whether you are getting vitamins or not? Here you can undoubtedly rely on a vitamin profile blood test. This will hugely assist you to understand whether you are under the risk of vitamin deficiency.
You can easily find a vitamin deficiency test or a vitamin test in the market. But the speciality of this particular profile test is that it has been composed to detect various vitamin deficiencies by determining the vitamin levels.
Why is this profile test recommended?
This profile test aids in detecting serious health complications, such as:
- Vitamin A deficiency
- Vitamin B1 deficiency
- Vitamin B2 deficiency
- Vitamin B3 deficiency
- Vitamin B5 deficiency
- Vitamin B6 deficiency
- Vitamin B7 deficiency
- Vitamin B9 deficiency
- Vitamin B12 deficiency
- Vitamin D2 deficiency
- Vitamin D3 deficiency
- Vitamin K deficiency
- Vitamin E deficiency
When should you go for this test?
Your doctor may suggest you to go for this profile test, if you are having symptoms of certain vitamin deficiency. The universal symptoms of vitamin deficiency are:
- Rapid heart rate
- Yellow or skin
- Dry skin and hair
- Weight loss
- Declined bone density
- Muscle delicacy
- Easy swelling or bleeding
- Numbness in hands and feet
- Slow wound healing
- Behavioral changes
- Mental confusion
Occasional vitamin deficiency symptoms may include:
- Spine disorder
- Restless leg syndrome
- Vision loss
- Increased risk of stroke
What is being measured in a vitamin profile test?
A vitamin profile typically measures the amount of all the vital vitamins in your blood. This test will measure all the fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins.
Is this profile test expensive?
You should check yourself and your closed ones with this test, as the vitamin profile test cost is extremely inexpensive. You can fetch to your nearest health clinic to get clear information regarding the vitamin blood test cost.
What is the procedure of the profile test?
The profile test is exactly similar to any of the other vitamin blood tests. As this is a simple blood test, the procedure goes:
- First, a healthcare practitioner will use a small cotton ball to clean the upper arm area, where the needle will be inserted.
- The lab professionist may use a tourniquet.
- After cleaning the area, he or she will insert a syringe into a vein in your upper arm.
- When the blood is drawn you feel a little tingling sensation in that area.
- After withdrawing the blood, the blood will be collected into a lab specified container.
- Lab professionist will again use a cotton ball on the area where the blood has been collected. He or she might place a bandage on the area.
- Then the lab professionist will send it to the lab for testing.
Do you need any test preparations?
You are not required to fast or take any preparations to appear in this test. However, make contact with your doctor if you have any medical condition where you need to take certain medicines.
Certain medications might interfere with vitamin levels. Your doctor will guide you in this scenario.
Is there any danger of taking this test?
There is a minute risk of taking this test. As you experience a slight bruising and pain on the injected area, but the pain or bruises will wipe away in less a day or two. Other than this, there is no harm or risk of taking this test.
What will be the interpretation of the test results?
The reference ranges of the vitamin level might vary depending on the lab you are preferring. However, the typical reference ranges will be:
Decreased vitamin A level indicates that you have vitamin A deficiency, and increased level indicates that you have too much vitamin A in your blood which may cause toxicity.
- Vitamin B1: 77-180 nmol/L
Thiamine or vitamin B1 below this range indicates that you have thiamine deficiency.
Lower than the usual vitamin B2 level indicates that you have serious nutrition deficiency.
- Vitamin B3: 0.50-8.45 ug/mL
Decreased levels indicate that you have niacin or vitamin B3 deficiency.
- Vitamin B5: 1.6-2.7 mcmol/L
Lower than usual levels indicate that you have deficiency of vitamin B5. Higher levels may cause severe diarrhea.
- Vitamin B6: 3-3 mcg/L (pyridoxine acid)
- Vitamin B7: 133-329 pmol/L
Low nicotine level indicates that you have biotin deficiency.
- Vitamin B9: 2.7-17.0 ng/mL
Lower than usual levels indicate that you may have malabsorption syndrome, and malnutrition.
- Vitamin B12: 160-950 pg/mL
Decreased levels indicate vitamin B12 deficiency, hyperthyroidism, and anemia. An increased level might indicate liver disease, kidney failure, diabetes, and myeloproliferative disorder.
Decreased level than usual indicates that you have vitamin C deficiency.
Lower than usual test results indicate that you are not getting enough vitamin D. And high vitamin D levels indicate that you may have hypervitaminosis D.
Reduced levels may indicate that you have vitamin K deficiency. Besides, increased levels can contribute to hemolytic anemia, and hyperbilirubinemia.
The above is the typical measurement and interpretation of the vitamin profile results. Although it is essential to consult with your doctor for the proper understandable explanation of your test result. Because, every test result interpretation may differ from individual to individual.
Vitamin deficiency can take a really unpleasant place, where the symptoms can get terrible. However, multiple treatments are available to treat vitamin deficiencies. You just have to take the proper doses of the vitamin supplement as prescribed by your doctor, they will guide you. Vitamin test cost is quite affordable, do you check yourself and your loved ones with it.