Marriage is not only the result of unconditional love, this is also a new start of your life. There are so many preparations for marriage but most of us forget about one main thing, which is premarital blood tests. Here are some essential blood tests you should undergo before getting married.
What you need to know about premarital blood tests?
The shadi season is already in full phase. If you are also planning or getting ready for your glorious wedding, then you might need to take care of many crucial things. For example, certain religious families of Hindu religion, do kundli matching of bride and groom to check if they are compatible to stay together the entire life. However, not everyone does that nowadays. But, there is another crucial thing that every bride to be or groom to be must do before their marriage, is the premarital blood test.
Going for a medical test before marriage is an essential step nowadays. Everyone should know about the health of their partner beforehand so that they can take care of each other. If you have a sound knowledge about yours and your partner’s health beforehand, then you will be free from health complications after marriage. These tests are not only focused on sexually transmitted diseases, there are a lot of other genetic disorders that run into families. So here are all the main tests that you should go for before marriage.
6 essential tests you should take before marriage:
Blood compatibility test: As we know there are different types of blood groups, and the major groups are A, B, AB and O. Additionally, RH factor is a protein which may be present or absent in the blood groups, that divides the blood groups into eight types, including A+, A-, B+, B-, AB+, AB-, O+, and O-. It is important to know each other's blood groups beforehand, because these RH factors have an effect on the pregnancy.
Thalassemia: Thalassemia is a chronic genetic blood disorder that is mainly transmitted from parents to children through genes. This disorder develops when a mutation occurs in the genes that produce hemoglobin. The condition when your body fails to produce enough hemoglobin (A protein of red blood cells in blood) is called thalassemia. There are two types of thalassemia, including Alpha Thalassemia and Beta Thalassemia. Apart from the types, there are two forms of thalassemia, such as major and minor. Minor thalassemia occurs when you have obtained mutated genes from one parent, and the major form develops when you have obtained mutated genes from both of your parents. Generally, major forms can be very severe. This is why it is important to have a thalassemia test to understand if you or your partner have this blood disorder or not.
Infertility test: Infertility is a serious issue that hugely affects a person’s physical as well as mental health intensely. There are a major number of couples who are facing complications of pregnancy. This infertility test can detect the probability of pregnancy complications beforehand, so that you can get a proper treatment to ease the problem. Both men and women may face fertility issues, and there are many reasons that can cause these issues. Some of the reasons of infertility are:
- Age (women over 35 and men over 40 years)
- Low sperm quality and quantity in men
- Low eggs count in women
- Thyroid disease
- Cushing syndrome
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Radiation therapy
- Alcohol abuse
All these reasons can cause infertility issues. This is why it is important to have a test which can detect any complication regarding your pregnancy. However, no need to worry, because there are so many treatments available to treat infertility.
STD test: Sexually transmitted disease is the outcome of a sexually transmitted infection, occurs due to sexual activity. Untreated STD can result in brain damage, infertility, birth defects and even cancer. This test helps to detect HIV, syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia. So if you are sexually active or planning to marry, you should have a STD test beforehand. As in most STI and STD cases, people do not experience any symptoms in the earlier phases, going for the test is the only option to detect any sexually transmitted infections and disease.
HIV screening test: HIV or human immunodeficiency virus reduces our immune system’s ability to fight against bacterias. And as a result of the weakened immune system, untreated HIV leads to AIDS. There are many types of HIV tests, but mainly these tests look for the antibody or antigen in your blood sample.
Genetic testing: Genetic testing is also an essential test before conceiving, because anyone can be a silent carrier of a disease. There are so many diseases that run through families, such as sickle cell anemia, Down syndrome, hemophilia, cystic fibrosis and Huntington's disease. This test helps to detect if you are at a risk of developing an inherited disease. If you are planning to have a baby or are pregnant, this test will help to determine if you or your partner are a carrier of a disease that can be passed to the baby.
To wrap it up, you might have understood at this point why premarital blood tests are also an important step in wedding preparations. Therefore, you and your partner both should go for the blood compatibility test, thalassemia test, infertility test, HIV test, STD test, and genetic test. Apart from all these tests, one also must know their partner’s mental health status before marriage.