We all know that cancer is a deadly disease and it can be incurable after it reaches the final stage. A women's cancer screening panel is the most effective way to detect the presence of this disease at the initial stage. Get this essential test package for a very affordable price here.
We are all aware of the dangers of cancer. Cancer can be life-threatening if it gets detected in the later stages; however, if the cancer gets detected in the early stages, then the possibility of recovering is much higher.
Cancers generally do not cause any symptoms in the early stages, and that is the main reason why most people do not know they have cancer. Only a cancer test can help determine whether you have cancer. Here are a few common cancer blood tests that you should consider for diagnosing a cancerous condition.
1. CA - 125 test
Cancer antigen 125 is a type of tumor marker. This test measures the amount of cancer antigen 125 in your blood sample. High levels of CA 125 indicate the presence of ovarian cancer. This type of cancer develops when cells in an ovary begin to grow uncontrollably. A CA-125 test is done to determine if you have ovarian cancer and to check how well your cancer treatment is working.
2. Alpha-fetoprotein test
Alpha-fetoprotein is a protein that your liver makes when the cells are growing and making new cells. This test helps measure the levels of AFP in a pregnant woman’s blood sample, which helps determine problems such as genetic disorders and neural tube defects. On the other hand, in non-pregnant people, an alpha-fetoprotein test is a tumor marker that examines the levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in your blood sample and is used in the diagnostic process of certain cancers.
3. CA 19-9 test
Cancer antigen 19-9 is a type of cancer marker; these are substances that cancer cells produce. Normal people may have a small amount of CA 19-9, however, high levels of this cancer antigen may indicate certain cancers or non-cancerous conditions. This test helps to determine a range of cancers, including pancreatic cancer, ovarian cancer, colon cancer, rectal cancer, bile duct cancer, bladder cancer, and stomach cancer. It also helps to detect non-cancerous conditions, such as cirrhosis, cholangitis, pancreatitis, and gallstones. Many doctors also recommend this test in order to determine how well the cancer treatment is working.
4. Ca 15-3 test
Healthy breast cells may release cancer antigen 15-3 in response to the presence of breast cancer. A CA 15-3 test in Agartala
5. Percent-free PSA test
A percent free PSA test helps determine the presence of prostate cancer. If a person has a lower percent-free PSA, then the percentage of having prostate cancer is higher. Doctors generally prefer a prostate biopsy if a man’s percent-free PSA is between 10% and 25%.
6. Free PSA test
Prostate-specific cancer Antigen is a substance that the prostate gland produces. There are two ways in which PSA circulates throughout the body, either it is bound to other proteins, or it is unbound. A free PSA test measures the amount of unbound prostate-specific antigen in the blood sample. Various factors, including age, can raise free PSA levels. Elevated free PSA may indicate prostate cancer, or other non-cancerous conditions.
7. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
Prostate-specific antigen is a protein that the prostate gland produces. A PSA test helps analyze the levels of both bound and free PSA in the blood sample. Men usually have low levels of PSA in their blood, however, high levels may indicate prostate cancer, benign prostate hyperplasia, or other prostate problems.
8. ROMA premenopausal and postmenopausal tests
The risk of malignant algorithm, or ROMA test, is used to determine the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer during surgery in premenopausal and postmenopausal women.
9. Chromogranin-A test
Chromogranin A (CgA) is a type of protein that neuroendocrine cells release in response to a tumor. A chromogranin-A test helps measure the level of chromogranin-A in the blood sample. This test helps in the diagnostic process of neuroendocrine tumors and also determines the efficacy of the treatment.
10. Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) test
Human epididymis protein 4 is a protein that most epithelial ovarian cancer cells release. A human epididymis protein 4 test helps measure the amount of HE4 in the blood sample. Doctors recommend this test to monitor your condition after epithelial ovarian cancer treatment, and to determine the chances of cancer recurrence.
11. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) test
A lactate dehydrogenase test helps measure the amount of lactate dehydrogenase enzyme levels in the blood sample. High levels of LDH indicate a range of conditions, including anemia, heart attack, encephalitis, bacterial meningitis, and others. It is also used to monitor the efficacy of cancer treatment.
12. Thyroglobulin test
A thyroglobulin test measures the amount of thyroglobulin in your blood sample. Although this test is not used to diagnose a thyroid disease, it is used to determine how well the cancer treatment is working, and check the possibility of cancer recurrence.
13. Carcinoembryonic antigen test
A carcinoembryonic antigen test helps examine the level of carcinoembryonic antigen in the blood sample. This test helps detect the presence of certain cancers, such as rectal cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, thyroid cancer, and others. This test also helps monitor other non-cancerous conditions.
A cancer screening test is ideal to detect cancer in its early stages. Early diagnosis of cancer may help in cancer treatment, as cancers are incurable in later stages. So if you are considering having cancer screening, do consult with your doctor to understand what screening will be helpful for you.