Fighting anemia is not a big deal anymore
As per the studies, anemia is one of the most common blood disorders that affects both men and women. Anemia occurs when the red blood cells reduce, which helps to carry oxygen to the organs. There are many types of anemia, but iron-deficiency anemia and thalassemia are the most common types of this disorder. Tiredness, headache, shortness of breath, rapid heart rate, and chest pain are considered the most common symptoms of anemia.
Anemia can be dangerous if not diagnosed and treated at the right time. So if you are having any symptoms regarding anemia then you should go for an anemia profile test. Also, the anemia profile test cost begins from Rs. 2400 only.
What is an anemia profile test?
An anemia profile test contains 63 to 83 tests that detect anemia by examining the levels of iron, hemoglobin, RBC, ferritin, and other essential components. It also helps to determine the types and cause of anemia. Search for an anemia profile test near me and book your package today.
What is anemia?
Anemia occurs when the levels of blood red cells decrease in our body. These red blood cells are disc-shaped cells that transport hemoglobin which is a protein that attaches to iron molecules.
These molecules supply oxygen from the lungs to different body organs and tissues. Our body organs need oxygen to function, and low oxygen levels may cause various symptoms including tiredness and shortness of breath.
Anemia is a highly common blood disorder, nearly 3 billions of people around the globe are affected with it. Although some types of anemia can be treated, people with chronic disorders such as cancer are at a high risk of developing anemia.
What causes anemia?
Our bone marrow produces red blood cells, which have an approximate lifespan of 100 to 120 days. On average, it produces 2-3 millions of red blood cells every second, while the same number of red blood cells are destroyed from the circulation.
Any conditions that affect this procedure, causes anemia. There are types of anemia, and they have multiple causes. In some cases, it can be very difficult to understand the exact cause of the low RBCs count. The causes of anemia generally include two factors, such as:
1. Factors that affects red blood cells production:
Anemia can occur if your body fails to produce sufficient numbers of red blood cells, but more red blood cells are removed from the circulatory system.
Certain aspects can cause low red blood cells production, including:
- Kidney disease
- Aplastic anemia
- Autoimmune disease (rheumatoid arthritis, or lupus)
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Certain types of cancer (like lymphoma, leukemia, and multiple myeloma)
- Inadequate intake of nutrients that are essential for the RBCs production (such as iron, vitamin B9 and B12)
- Exposure to certain toxins (especially lead)
Some genetic condition also causes low red blood cells production, such as:
- Diamond-blackfan anemia
- Fanconi anemia
- Dyskeratosis congenita
- Shwachman-Diamond syndrome
- Amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia
2. Factors that increases red blood cells loss:
Anemia can also occur if your body removes more red blood cells than they are produced. Factors that speeds up the destruction of red blood cells are:
- Blood loss (which can happen due to injury, surgery, childbirth, endometriosis, heavy nose bleeds, gastrointestinal conditions, heavy menstruation)
- Hemolysis ( a condition in which red blood cells break down too early due to infections, autoimmune disease, medicational side effects and exposure to toxic elements.
- Enlarged spleen
- Liver disease (like hepatitis and cirrhosis)
Apart from these, some inherited diseases can also cause increased loss of red blood cells from the circulatory system. Some inherited disease are:
- SIckle cell disease
- Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD)
- Hereditary spherocytosis
- Hereditary elliptocytosis
- Pyruvate kinase deficiency
Who is at risk of developing anemia?
There are certain factors which increase your risk of developing anemia. Some of these factors include:
- Being prematurely born
- Family history of genetic conditions that causes anemia
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Having a diet lack of vitamins and minerals
- Being over the age of 65 years or more
- Having gastrointestinal diseases, like Crohn’s disease and celiac disease
- Having chronic disorders, such as autoimmune disease, cancer, liver and kidney disease
- Receiving medications or undergoing radiation or chemotherapy to treat cancer
- Too much consumption of alcohol
- Frequent exposure to harmful toxic elements
What are the symptoms of anemia?
Most of the symptoms occur due to lack of oxygen in the body organs and tissues. The most common symptoms are:
- Pale complexion
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Cold hands and feet
Not everyone may experience the same symptoms, they differ from person to person. Some types of anemia may not cause any symptoms.
What are the types of anemia?
1. Iron-deficiency anemia: Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia that develops when your body does not produce enough RBCs due to lack of iron. Multiple factors can cause low levels of iron, such as:
- Having a diet low in iron
- Too much blood loss due to heavy menstruation, surgery, injury, blood donations
- Having a condition that restricts your body to absorb iron, such as inflammatory bowel disease, and previous gastric bypass surgery.
Iron-deficiency anemia can cause symptoms including:
- Cold sensitivity
- Shortness of breath
2. Vitamin-deficiency anemia: Vitamin B12 is an essential component for the production of red blood cells. This type of anemia generally occurs when your body does not get enough vitamin B12.
Some vitamin-deficiency anemia symptoms are:
- Vision issues
- Difficulties in walking
- Smooth red tongue
- Tingling of hands and feet
3. Hemolytic anemia: Hemolytic anemia occurs when your body destroys red blood cells faster than producing new cells. Multiple factors can cause this type of anemia, these include:
- Bone marrow problems
- Sickle cell disease
- Autoimmune diseases
- Side effects of medicines
- Exposure to toxic elements
Along with the general anemia symptoms, hemolytic anemia may cause symptoms including:
- Abdominal pain
- Enlarged spleen
4. Aplastic anemia: Aplastic anemia rarely occurs when your bone marrow fails to produce enough red blood cells. This may occur if autoimmune conditions damage the stem cells of bone marrow. The symptoms of aplastic anemia include:
- Easy bruising
- Frequent infections
- Skin rashes
The treatment usually depends on the type of anemia you have. Your doctor may recommend dietary changes and certain medications. If your hemoglobin levels are too low, then blood transfusion might be required.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's)
Why should I take this test?
The anemia profile test will help to determine the cause and type of anemia you have. This also helps the doctors to understand the suitable treatment for you.
When should I go for this test?
You should go for this test, if you are having symptoms of anemia. These include:
- Pale skin, gum and nails
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Irregular heartbeat
Who can go for this test?
Anyone at any age may go for this test. However, go for this test as per your doctor's instructions.
Do I need to fast before this test?
Yes, you are required to fast for at least 10 to 12 hours before appearing for the blood collection. Apart from that, if you have any medical conditions then talk to your doctor for specific guidance.
What sample is required for the test?
Only a blood sample is required for the test, no other sample is required.
Is there a home sample collection facility available?
Yes, we offer a free home sample facility without any extra charges.
What is the anemia profile test price?
The anemia profile test price starts from only Rs. 2400.